Rare disease in Brazil - Xeroderma pigmentosum or 'XP' eats a person's skin away

Xeroderma pigmentosum or 'XP' is a  rare skin disease that is currently affecting the Araras community in Brazil, located in the Goias state.

Xeroderma pigmentosum or XP

It is said that, the village's people are actually melting away - their skins are being eaten away on their lips, nose, cheeks and eyes. Some of the residents are left with no option but to wear masks to cover their faces.

Xeroderma pigmentosum or 'XP' is an inherited skin disease. People with the said disease become extremely sensitive to sunlight, and worse, can easily succumb to skin cancers.

Communities in the Goias state, specially those farming the lands as their livelihood, are carrying the burden brought by 'XP'. With the nature of their work, they have to brave the rays of the sunlight in order to earn a living for survival.

XP's early indications include, freckles and lumps on the face. Over time, the infection spreads then eats up the human skin away.

Xeroderma pigmentosum is carried over by a defective gene.

According to the National Cancer Institute (U.S.), the extent of damage XP can do to a person could be deafness, spastic muscles, poor coordination or developmental delays.

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